Essay Discussion Question
How has the pandemic impacted on the extent and nature of teleworking and home-working (remote working)? Discuss the negative issues emerging because of such forms of work. Explain which of these negative issues you see as being the most important and why.
Trends of Global Business Management, Organizational Structuring/Management, Post-COVID Development, Business Sustainability & Wellbeing, Business Models, Technologies, Innovations.
Backgrounds of the Study
This session considers the changing face of technology in both the historical and contemporary contexts. It reviews debates about the implications of automation, new technology and robotics in terms of the future of organisations as well as employment and the management of people at work. The manner in which technology changes organisations and work is significant but the nature of technological change has also become a form of fetishism and discourse that sometimes ignores the problems and challenges it brings.
The nature of change and the transformation of organisations is due to a range of economic, political and ideological factors. The way they are regulated and conditioned by the state can vary across time. Yet the role of key external shocks and ruptures in historical terms is important. For example, the Second World War (1939-45) played an important part in the emergence of a more organised and bureaucratic system of capitalism as did key revolutionary events throughout the 20th Century. The crisis of the state in the 1970s challenged this model and gave rise to a new form of neoliberal capitalism that emphasised market relations (although the role of the state was key in these through new forms of intervention). The financial crisis of 2008 plus the current health related COVID 19 crises need to be addressed in the way they may change organisational trends. The question, though, is how? Will there be less state intervention or more? Will there be more decentralisation organisationally or less? Will there more a greater push to robotization or less? What ideas and trends will emerge?
Questions can be discussed in the essay:
– How does teleworking and homeworking affect different groups in different ways?
– What do such developments mean in terms of surveillance and control – and what problems may emerge for employees from this?
– How can these trends and developments be sustainable and supported by employers?
Reading List: (Readings with “*” marks are key readings)
* Taylor, P., Scholarios, D. and Howcroft, D. (2021) Covid-19 and Working from Home Survey Preliminary Findings University of Strathclyde. [Online]. Available Online At: https://www.strath.ac.uk/whystrathclyde/news/study…
* Hodder, A. (2020). New Technology, Work and Employment in the era of COVID?19: reflecting on legacies of research. New technology, work, and employment, 35(3), pp.262–275
* Tavares, A. I. (2017). Telework and health effects review. International Journal of Healthcare, 3(2), 30. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Aida-Isabel-T…
* Gálvez, A., Tirado, F. and Martínez, M.J. (2020). Work–Life Balance, Organizations and Social Sustainability: Analyzing Female Telework in Spain. Sustainability (Basel, Switzerland), 12(9), p.3567–.
* Spencer, D. (2017). Work in and beyond the Second Machine Age: the politics of production and digital technologies. Work, employment and society, 31(1), pp.142–152.
* Wood, A.J. et al. (2019). Good Gig, Bad Gig: Autonomy and Algorithmic Control in the Global Gig Economy. Work, employment and society, 33(1), pp.56–75.
* Baruch, Y. (2000). Teleworking: benefits and pitfalls as perceived by professionals and managers. New technology, work, and employment, 15(1), pp.34–49.
Dundon, T. (2016), ‘Corporate governance, sustainability and a new HRM arrangement’, Korean Economic Daily newspaper, 16th November (http://www.mbs.edu.hk/alumni/events/download/Copyright_Dundon’s%20article_Korea%20Economic%20Daily_2016.11.14.pdf).
The Guardian April 2020. There can be no return to austerity and the economic norms of pre-coronavirus Britain, despite the siren calls of the right Aditya Chakrabortty. [Online]. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/may..
VIDEO: Economist Stiglitz on Covid-19 Impact on Jobs, Government Stimulus, Supply and Demand
(the role of the state and economic support is discussed in this video)
VIDEO: How covid-19 could change the financial world order | The Economis
(the geopolitical consequences are discussed in this video)
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