The study critiqued examined the nature of relationships between measures of current negative mood, trait-negative affect (TNA), compassion satisfaction (CS), and compassion fatigue (CF) (Craigie, Oss

The study critiqued examined the nature of relationships between measures of current negative mood, trait-negative affect (TNA), compassion satisfaction (CS), and compassion fatigue (CF) (Craigie, Osseiran-Moisson, Hemsworth, Aoun, Francis, Brown, and Rees, 2016). The researchers were specifically interested in recognizing the type of relationships TNA and CS had with CF all together, and the dimensions of secondary traumatic stress (STS) and burnout separately as they relate to CF. The study had four hypotheses and sampled 273 nurses from an acute-care hospital in Western Australia. The findings of this study hoped to inform future research and expand on the characteristics that may lead to burnout and work-related stress in nurses. Pearson bivariate correlations were used to analyze the data for the first two hypotheses. To assess the last two hypotheses a four-step hierarchical linear regression analysis was performed.

The author used the Pearson bivariate correlations to determine the relationship between personality-related variables (TNA) on CF and its dimensions (STS and burnout) stated I hypothesis one and the relationship between CS and CF. The four-step hierarchical linear regression analysis to determine the predictive relationships between the study variables. The selected tests were appropriate because the researchers were attempting to determine the nature of the relationships between the identified variables. The data were displayed in three different tables to depict the statistical findings and provide a visual aid for the results.

The results of this study are beneficial in expanding the current knowledge regarding the professional quality of life and work-related stress within nurses in acute care hospitals. The research is also beneficial because it is one of if not the first study to examine the role CS plays in protecting against CF compared with TNA in nurses.

The results stand-alone and show the clear connectedness of the variables and how they relate to one another. The effect size was reported for each hypothesis. Hypothesis one was considered to have had large effect-size range according to Cohen’s guidelines (There was a significant correlation between TNA and the variables CF (STS and burnout). For this hypothesis, alpha was set at 0.01 r= .66 (TNA) and r=.72 (CF). The second hypothesis had a medium effect size r=.43. The third and fourth hypotheses were analyzed with post hoc analysis the authors identified the effect by stating, “these results support the presence of a net suppression effect” Craigie, et al., 2016). The study is meaningful because the significance of the results and the implications on the population are practical. The research has statistical significance and expands on the knowledge known of the subject and is meaningful for its relevance to the relationships reported and how they affect nurses.


Please respond to the following in 2 paragraph:

Make recommendations for the design choice.

Explain whether you think that this is the appropriate correlation or bivariate regression to use for the research question. Why or why not?

As a lay reader, were you able to understand the results and their implications? Why or why not?


Craigie, M., Osseiran-Moisson, R., Hemsworth, D., Aoun, S., Francis, K., Brown, J., Rees, C. (2016). The influence of trait-negative affect and compassion satisfaction on compassion fatigue in Australian nurses. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8(1), 88–97. htttppss://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.orrg/10.1037/tra0000050.supp (Supplemental)

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