STEP ONE IS COMPLETED.. I ONLY NEED STEP 2 WHICH IS 5 PAGES LONG. DUE IN 16 HOURS. PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BECAUSE THE INSTRUCTOR IS LETTING ME DO THIS PART OVER.
Step one completed:Create and analyze a 12-page simulated case study of an infant or toddler with developmental challenges and who shows evidence of factors that affect development. My Case Study: 12 month old Mary
Early Development Case Intervention Analysis: Case Study of Mary
Mary is a 12-month-old female who currently resides in New Orleans, Louisiana. Marys parents, Isabell and David, stated that she has always been a happy and active child. Mary is a part of a huge family that loves to have family gatherings whenever they get free time. Mary is the youngest female child of the family, so she has always been the center of attention. Mary is said to have always enjoyed her family by laughing, crawling, clapping, and babbling along with everyone.
Lately, Mary has been showing signs of decreased behavior. Her parents notices that she is starting to become very demanding and lazy. If Mary wants a toy, she will throw a fit until her parents physically bring it to her. Mary was crawling, but now she just sits up and begs. At Marys age of 12 months, she should be trying to walk. Marys parents have provided her with the necessary items that should help her to stand, but she basically will not. When prompt to stand on her own, Mary just cries and sits back down. The older Mary gets, she not only wants her parent to carry her, but also to feed her as well. It seemed not too long ago that Mary was an active child, but now she just seems different. Most children around her age are active throughout the entire day. Its very odd that Mary doesnt want to feed herself when shes presented with snacks such as soft puffs, or bananas which are her favorite. Marys parents are concerned that their daughter may have a lack of gross motor skills and are showing signs of autism. It also seems as if she is showing signs of attachment.
According to (McLeod, 2017), attachment is defined as a deep and emotional connection that bonds individuals together over time and its not always reciprocal. Attachment comes in many forms. For example, one person may have an attachment to another person which is not shared. In an infants case, attachment is categorized by detailed behaviors in children, such as seeking proximity to the attachment figure when upset or threatened (Bowlby, 1969).
Psychologist John Bowlby created the theory of attachment in developmental psychology. Attachment theory is a concept in developmental psychology that concerns the importance of attachment regarding personal growth. The attachment theory makes the claim that the ability for an individual to form an emotional and physical attachment to another person gives a sense of stability and security necessary to take risks, branch out, and grow and develop as a personality. Bowlby’s studies of childhood progression and nature prompted him to conclude that a solid attachment to the caregiver gives a feeling of safety and foundation. Bowlby has created four basic characteristics that describe what attachment is. The characteristics of the attachment theory are proving a haven, a secure base, proximity maintenance and separation distress (Bowlby & Ainsworth, 2015).
Present Challenges and Primary Issues
The attachment behavioral system is developed through the infancy of an individual. Bowlbys definition of attachment is defined as a strong nature to seek proximity to and contact with a specific figure and to do so in certain situations, particularly when scared, tired or ill (Zeanah et al., 2011). Young children don’t have the capacity to convey what they need to their caregivers, so they often interact through their behavior. Attachment behavioral systems are the ways people explore and try to be close to people that make them feel safe (Zeanah et al, 2011). There are several ways i…
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