CUNY Lehman College Racialization of Women of African Phenotype Questions


  • ➢ Answer (minimum 10 full sentences in length) any five (5) questions.
  • ➢ To get full credit, you must answer each question in its entirety.
  • ➢ Make sure your answers are specific and do not generalize or make assumptions.
  • ➢ Please include the number of questions you are answering.

1.Discuss why the intersectionalities of race/ethnicity and gender are important in analyzing the construction and use of the term “Jewish American Princess.” You might find it helpful to discuss how Jewish women are positioned as the “other” by the use of the term “JAP.” (From ‘Kike’ to ‘JAP’- Beck, Evelyn Torton)

2.What is meant by the “Doctrine of Incompetents” and the “Doctrine of Discovery”? Discuss the ways in which the US government classified Indians and stole their land. In addition, discuss one of the many treaties that the US government has broken with Native Americans. (Law and Treaties-Vine Deloria Jr.)

3.How is the racialization of women of African phenotype different from the racialization of their male counterparts? Discuss the media’s role in creating and circulating negative stereotypical images of those who embody the African phenotype, as expressed by Orfelia (21). (Race-Gender Experiences and Schooling- Nancy Lopez)

4.How have Asian American men been “feminized’ in the United States? Support your answer with the cases referred to Yen Le Espiritu during pre-World War II, during World War II, and in the contemporary period. (All Men Are Not Created Equal- Yen Le Espiritu)

5.Using Barajas and Pierce’s study, discuss the importance of the concept “assimilation” (e.g., dominant American culture, values of individualism, and meritocracy) and the experience of successful college age Latinos. Also, discuss the limitations of this concept regarding the research findings. (The Significance of Race and Gender in School Success among Latinas and Latinos in College- Heidi L. Barajas & Jennifer L. Pierce)

6. Use the following quote to analyze how women are not only victims of (e.g., discuss the case of Bonnie Jouhari, p. 61) but also the creators (e.g., discuss ‘From Stormfront Ladies only’ p.68) of white supremacy media, as depicted by Daniels in chapter five. “Women are not only the victims of white supremacy online; they are also creators of and participants in white supremacy online” (Daniels, 2009:61). (Cyber Racism-Jessie Daniels)

7. Discuss the difference between “Indentured Servants” and “Chattel Slavery”. Also, discuss Steinberg’s arguments about why the Southern planters’ (in colonial time) attempt to enslave the Indians was unsuccessful, and why ‘white servitude’ by importing ‘indentured servants’ from Europe was not favorable? (The Ignominious Origins of Ethnic Pluralism in America- Stephen Steinberg)

8. Use the following quotes to analyze the construction of hereditary slavery for Africans in Brooklyn, NY as depicted by Wilder in chapter one. “They believed Africans to be poorer workers, culturally inferior, and physically offensive. Yet, as the century progressed, the supply of Africans increased while the importation of indentured Christians declined” (pp 10). ” It was not hate but an equally vulgar greed that drove local Christian farmers to enslave Africans” (pp 12).”…; however, by the end of the century, many Africans were Christians but not free” (pp 15). (A Covenant With Color: Race and Social Power in Brooklyn- C.S. Wilder)

9. Have you ever experienced (or saw someone) being stereotyped because of your (or his/her) race or ethnicity? How can racial stereotypes harm societies, as well as groups and individuals? (Open Questions, write your experiences if any)

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