In Chapter 1 you read about the differences between experimental and observational research and read that correlational studies are one type of observational research. In an experiment, the researcher manipulates a variable to determine differences between two or more levels of that variable. In an observational study, the researcher looks at patterns of relationships without manipulating variables. In correlational studies, you cannot show that one variable causes a change in another variable. However, you can demonstrate that as one variable increases, another increases. You also may find that as one variable increases, the other decreases. You may even find that there is no relationship at all. Use your understanding of correlations to work through the following scenario.
To prepare for this Assignment, recall that in Week 1 you imagined you were a researcher interested in determining if student intelligence is related to self-esteem. Now imagine that 10 individuals participated in your study and the raw data are given here:
Participant Self-Esteem Score IQ 1 3.2 100 2 4.1 140 3 2.2 95 4 3.0 112 5 2.6 130 6 2.0 99 7 5.0 118 8 4.8 121 9 3.7 129 10 4.4 138
To complete this Assignment, submit by Day 7 your answers to the following. Based on the scenario, use SPSS to determine if self-esteem is related to intelligence in your sample by computing a correlation. Save and submit both the SPSS data and output files.
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