Cornell University US Presidents Nixon Reagan Carter Questionnaire

Which of the following does Reagan identify specifically as a problem to be solved by his administration?

Multiple Choice

  • racism
  • the income gap
  • sexism
  • inflation

At the end of Reagan’s speech, he calls for the beginning of a new era. What does he name that era?

Multiple Choice

  • “good feelings”
  • “new freedom”
  • “national renewal”
  • “new nationalism”

Which of the following nations of this era was long an international pariah for its rigid enforcement of “apartheid” (a political system designed to protect white supremacy)?

Multiple Choice

  • the Soviet Union
  • Albania
  • South Africa
  • China

What was President Reagan’s reaction to Mikhail Gorbachev’s reform policies?

Multiple Choice

  • Regan remained steadfast in his distrust of Gorbachev and his agenda.
  • Reagan made little effort to facilitate reform in the Soviet Union or Eastern Europe.
  • Initially skeptical, Reagan eventually supported Gorbachev’s reform agenda.
  • Reagan wholeheartedly supported Gorbachev’s reform agenda.

Which of the following did Gorbachev introduce as part of his perestroika initiative?

Multiple Choice

  • a massive reduction in conventional forces
  • private ownership
  • removal of INF forces from Europe
  • withdrawal from Afghanistan


One of Gorbachev’s new initiatives was termed glasnost; which of the following describes glasnost?

Multiple Choice

  • wealth
  • repression
  • openness
  • Reform

Which of the following was a crucial policy demand of the “New Right” during the 1970s and 1980s?

Multiple Choice

  • affirmative action
  • tax cuts
  • isolationism
  • elimination of Social Security

As the New Right conservatives gained strength toward the end of the 1970s, from what geographical area did they draw evangelical Christian support?

Multiple Choice

  • the Rustbelt states
  • the Sunbelt states
  • the far northwestern states
  • the Cornbelt states

Who won the 1980 American presidential election?

Multiple Choice

  • Ronald Reagan
  • Jimmy Carter
  • Richard Nixon
  • Gerald Ford

Which of the following best describes Ronald Reagan’s role in the Reagan coalition?

Multiple Choice

  • His political skill and personal charm succeeded in uniting groups that, in reality, had few shared values.
  • He “led by example,” always willing to step in and take the blame for any conflict within the coalition, and in this way won the loyalty of key coalition leaders.
  • He and his advisors “packaged” his leadership as that of a wise, elderly statesman who understood the needs of each of the groups that formed his coalition.
  • He was a “hands-on” leader, almost like LBJ in his willingness to bring differing factions to the table and forcing concessions in order to reach consensus.

President Gerald Ford’s popularity with the American public fell dramatically as a result of his

Multiple Choice

  • policies on the economic problems of the time.
  • vetoes of large numbers of congressional enactments.
  • appointment of Nelson Rockefeller as vice president.
  • pardon of Richard Nixon.
  • handling of the “Mayaguez” incident.

Carter had hoped to base American foreign policy on increased attention to

Multiple Choice

  • reduction of American responsibility for involvement in world conflicts.
  • the issue of how nations respect human rights.
  • the support of Third World opponents of communism.
  • expansion of American economic interests overseas.
  • flexible military response whenever democratic governments were challenged.

Ronald Reagan and his administration received strong support from four of the following groups. Which is the exception?

Multiple Choice

  • evangelical Christians
  • conservative business leaders
  • feminists and civil rights activists
  • New Right
  • neoconservatives

President Reagan

Multiple Choice

  • used a highly nationalist rhetoric to gain support for his proposals.
  • retained little control of most of the day-to-day operations of the federal government.
  • was one of the youngest men ever to serve as president.
  • struggled to free the hostages in Iran.
  • struggled to convey his message to the American people.

In the national elections of 1984, the Democrats made electoral history by, for the first time, nominating a vice

presidential candidate who was

Multiple Choice

  • female.
  • Latino.
  • African American.
  • Hispanic.
  • Jewish.

Jimmy Carter pledged that a major focus of his foreign policy would be the defense of “human rights.”

Group starts

True or False

What resulted from anticommunist student protests in China in 1989?

Multiple Choice

  • minor reforms that kept the communist government in power
  • transformation from a communist regime to a dictatorial capitalist regime
  • the granting of some democratic elements at the local level
  • a strengthening of hardline communist state power

Which of the following events damaged President Ford’s public image?

Multiple Choice

  • the Iranian Revolution
  • the pardon of President Nixon
  • the Watergate break-in
  • the Cold War

Which of the following events was President Carter’s greatest achievement?

Multiple Choice

  • his reduction of inflation
  • the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt
  • his handling of the energy crisis
  • his “malaise” speech

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