CJ 681 Southern New Hampshire University The SARA Report ISIS Paper

In a post-9/11 world, counterterrorism research continues to be of crucial importance, and its necessity is repeatedly underscor with each new terrorist event. Specifically, it is essential that terrorist groups, their motivations, and the methods they employ be fully understood for effective counterterrorism strategies to be developed. Within the criminal justice field, the establishment of regional and local fusion centers will create threats to the region and what should be done to mitigate those threats.

For this assignment, you will play the role of director of a regional fusion center of your choice. You will be tasked with writing a recommendation to the director of the Department of Homeland Security regarding what should be done to address a terrorist threat that you have identified in the area. You will provide a broad overview of terrorist threats that exist in the region and choose one terrorist organization to target. You will analyze the terrorist organization at a micro level, consider how the terrorists use radicalization as a recruitment tactic, and discuss the role of the media in shaping the terrorists’ image. Finally, you will review what is currently being done to respond to the threats presented by the terrorist organization, and propose enhancements to the strategy to be piloted in your selected regional fusion center. You will synthesize your findings into an executive report to be delivered to the director of the Department of Homeland Security. Before beginning your final project, you must select a regional fusion center within the United States to focus on.

In this assignment, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following course outcomes:

  • ?  Analyze the relationship between the media and the public’s perception of terrorist organizations and counterterrorism efforts
  • ?  Analyze the history, structure and techniques of terrorist organizations for determining their motivations or purpose
  • ?  Determine the extent to which a terrorist organization uses radicalization as a tactic to promote their ideology and to entice enrollment
  • ?  Evaluate the effectiveness of modern day counterterrorism strategies and tactics in addressing the specific methods of terrorist organizations
  • ?  Propose enhancements to current counterterrorism strategies for effectively counteracting terrorist activity domestically and internationally
  • ?  Determine strategies to effectively measure the success of proposed counterterrorism efforts
  • Prompt
  • Imagine that you are the director of a regional fusion center of your choice, and that you wish to pilot improved counterterrorism efforts to combat a terrorist organization that threatens your region. However, you must first gain approval from the director of the Department of Homeland Security. To do so, you will compose an executive report that analyzes the terrorist organization at a micro level. Your report will also review what is currently being done by the United States States to respond to the threats presented by the terrorist organization, and finally, you will propose enhancements to the strategy that you intend to pilot. Your executive report will follow the SARA model of problem solving: scanning, analysis, response, and assessments

Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:

  1. Executive Summary: Provide a high-level summary of the contents of your executive report.
  2. Scanning: In this section, you will provide a broad overview of the terrorist threats that exist in the region you selected and choose one terrorist organization to focus on for your analysis.
    1. Indicate the regional fusion center that you selected and identify the international or domestic terrorist organizations that are of concern to that fusion center.
    2. Select one organization from those you identified that is of significant concern and explain why it poses a threat to the region.

II. Analysis: This section will be the main component of your report. In this section, you will analyze the terrorist organization at a micro level, consider how the organization uses radicalization to recruit followers, and discuss the role of the media in shaping the organization’s image.

A. The Terrorist Organization:

  1. Provide background information on the terrorist organization, including:
    1. a)  A brief history of their evolution.
    2. b)  Explanation of how the organization is structured and approximately how many members they have.
    3. c)  Where in the world the organization is primarily based.
  2. Explain the primary terror methods and tactics employed by the terrorist organization and provide examples. Consider:
    1. a)  What types of actions has the organization taken, domestically and internationally, to demonstrate their presence?
    2. b)  How do they plan and execute terrorist attacks?
    3. c)  What sort of tools or weapons do they use?
  3. Explain the underlying motivation behind the organization’s terrorist actions. In other words, what drives them to carry out their methods and tactics?

B. Radicalization:

  1. Describe the ideology used by the terrorist organization. Consider:
    1. a)  What is the core reason behind the organization’s existence?
    2. b)  What are their primary objectives?
  2. Identify the primary countries from which the organization recruits.
  3. Explain what types of people the organization attempts to radicalize. Provide examples.
  4. Explain how the organization uses their ideology to enhance their recruitment efforts. Provide examples.

C. Role of the Media:

  1. Explain how the terrorist organization uses traditional and/or social media to promote their cause, using specific examples to supportyour response. Consider:
    1. a)  What sort of online and social media presence does the organization have?
    2. b)  Who is their target audience and what modes of communication are used to reach that audience?
    3. c)  How does the organization use media or social media to disseminate propaganda?
  2. Describe the how the media has influenced the public’s perception of the terrorist organization and their actions, using specific examples. Consider:
    1. a)  What has the media done to bring the organization into the public eye?
    2. b)  How has the media shaped the public bias towards the organization? Are we fearful of them? Are we empathetic toward theircause?
  3. Explain how the media has helped or hindered counterterrorism efforts against the organization, using specific examples.

III. Response: In this section, you will review a strategy currently being used to respond to the threats presented by the terrorist organization, and propose changes or enhancements to the strategy to pilot in your regional fusion center.

A. Current Strategies

  1. Describe a current counterterrorism strategy used in the United States for addressing your selected terrorist organization. Include boththe short and long term goals of the strategy.
  2. Based on what you have learned about the terrorist organization’s methods and motivation, explain the strengths and weaknesses ofthe counterterrorism strategy in mitigating the organization’s actions (i.e., where is it aligned to the known methods and motivations ofthe organization? Where does it fall short)?
  3. Determine how effective the current counterterrorism strategy has been in addressing and mitigating the threats posed by the terroristorganization. Include evidence to support your conclusion.

A. Strategy Recommendations

  1. Propose changes or enhancements to the current counterterrorism strategy to address the weaknesses that you identified.
  2. Defend how these changes will enhance the protection of your region from the terrorist organization.
  3. Explain the potential global impact of these changes. Be sure to defend your response.
  4. Explain what your regional fusion center will need, in terms of tools, resources, and training to implement these changes.
  5. Determine specific ways in which your fusion center could use the media to support the objectives of the strategy.

IV. Assessment: In this section, you will explain how you will measure the effectiveness of the counterterrorism efforts proposed above

  1. Explain the desired outcomes of your proposed counterterrorism strategy.
  2. Describe what sort of data will be needed to measure the ongoing performance of your counterterrorism strategy recommendations.

C. Propose specific benchmarks that can be used to determine if the strategy is on track to achieve the desired outcomes.

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